Description of the publication:

Authors:

Bastrzyk, A., Polowczyk, I., Sadowski, Z., Sikora, A.

Title:

Relationship between properties of oil/water emulsion and agglomeration of carbonate minerals

Journal:

Separation and Purification Technology

Year:

2011

Vol:

77 (3)

Pages:

325–330

ISSN/ISBN:

13835866

DOI:

10.1016/j.seppur.2011.01.001

Link:

http://www.citeulike.org/article/8628062

Keywords:

AFM; Cationic Surfactant; Dolomite; Magnesite; Oil agglomeration; Oil/water emulsion

Abstract:

In this study, a modification of oil agglomeration processes of dolomite and magnesite particles has been proposed. In this method the emulsion of kerosene with dodecylammonium hydrochloride (DDAHCl) was added to the minerals suspension. The experimental results have demonstrated that the agglomeration was governed by the properties of oil/water interface such as zeta potential and interfacial tension (γo/w). Addition of cationic surfactant to the emulsion changed the zeta potential value from negative to positive, which resulted in enhanced the adhesion of the oil droplets to negatively charged particles, according to the DLVO theory. The presence of cationic surfactant has an effect on the size of the agglomerate. At the high DDAHCl concentration (21 mg/g solid) the recovery and diameter of agglomerates slightly decreased, and finally a paste was formed. It results from decrease of the value of γ o/w leading to the formation of weaker liquid bridges between solid particles. This explanation was supported by AFM measurements of adhesion forces.

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Example figure:

The force – distance curve acquired using force spectroscopy mode.

Used methods:

Force Spectroscopy (force-distance curve)