Description of the publication:

Authors:

M. Michalska, L. Lipinska, A. Sikora, D. Ziółkowska, K.P. Korona, M. Andrzejczuk

Title:

Structural and morphological studies of manganese-based cathode materials for lithium ion batteries

Journal:

Journal of Alloys and Compounds

Year:

2015

Vol:

632

Pages:

256-262

ISSN/ISBN:

----

DOI:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.12.266

Link:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925838815002431

Keywords:

Nanocrystalline materials, Lithium manganese oxide spinel, LiMn2O4, Lithium manganese phosphate olivine, LiMnPO4, Sol-gel method

Abstract:

Nanocrystalline powders: lithium-manganese oxide (LiMn2O4) of spinel and lithium-manganese phosphate (LiMnPO4) of olivine structure were synthesized by a modified sol-gel method. In this synthesizing process, lithium and manganese salts and complexing agent were used as reactants. The obtained powders were characterized by a number of methods: X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Raman spectroscopy. The mean sizes of crystallites were about 30 nm for LiMn2O4 and 60 nm for LiMnPO4 nanoparticles. The influence of crystallographic structure on the stability of two manganese compounds was studied. The correlation between the structural and morphological results of spinel LiMn2O4 and olivine LiMnPO4 properties was examined for the first time in this work.

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Example figure:

3D view of the surface of the LiMn2O4 sample combined with colour map representing adhesion.

Used methods:

TapppingMode
Force Spectroscopy